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作者: 虏脻脦r   P??r??kau Analysis Auckson 2024-06-08 23:56:31  [点击:1912]
Pūrākau Analysis
Author: Auckson Ding

The main characters and their roles.

Mahuika
• Mahuika is the guardian/goddess of fire in te ao Māori.
• Her role in the pūrākau is carrying the duty to guard the secrets of fire and to provide fire to humanity/moko.
• Mahuika also represents the divinity/mana of atua or the mystery of nature.
Māui
• Māui is a demigod who is the trickster and hero in te ao Māori (and other Polynesian folklore), most of his pūrākau tells of how he performs remarkable feats against divinity to benefit humanity.
• In this pūrākau, his role is to trick his tūpuna/atua Mahuika into giving the secrets of (making) fire to humanity.
• Māui also represents the humanity and curiosity of mankind.

The behaviours and customary understandings that your chosen pūrākau establishes.

Whakapapa, Manaakitanga and Aroha
In two instances, this pūrākau establishes and demonstrates the concepts of whakapapa, manaakitanga and aroha. Additionally, the pūrākau also hints of utu, mauri and kaitiaki.

In the first instance, Mahuika receives a visit from Māui. Māui establishes his whakapapa to Mahuika as her moko, requesting fire from Mahuika as the purpose of his visit, as all fires have been extinguished. As the kaitiaki of fire, Mahuika is reluctant to give out fire (which symbolises lifeforce) to Māui, as she has also experienced seeing pain and suffering from her own tupuna. But because she is also the giver of fire, she is bound to the responsibility and duty to carry out manaakitanga and aroha by giving fire to Māui, as he is her moko. However, after repeated attempts and betraying her trust, Mahuika seeks utu by punishing Māui

In the second instance later in the pūrākau, Māui calls upon his tupuna Tāwhirimātea (god of wind) to rescue him from the burning wrath of Mahuika. Tāwhirimātea responded by summoning a rain that drowns out the flames of Mahuika, which Māui exploits the opportunity to escape.

The instances convey how in Māori society it is customary to care and give aid (manaakitanga and aroha) through whakapapa.

Why/how the chosen pūrākau and its messages are important today.

The story emphasises themes of responsibility, trust, betrayal, and the consequences of actions. Mahuika's cautious approach towards helping Maui reflects the importance of discernment and critical thinking, especially in a world where trust can be easily broken. Moreover, the story highlights the significance of honouring promises and the consequences of deceit. Mahuika's ultimate sacrifice and the continuation of her legacy through the trees that hold her spark symbolise resilience and the perpetuation of knowledge and tradition. These messages resonate today as they underscore the importance of integrity, resilience, and the preservation of cultural heritage in facing contemporary challenges, fostering trust, and ensuring a sustainable future. The story serves as a reminder of the enduring values that transcend time and remain relevant in navigating complex interpersonal and societal dynamics.

The pūrākau can be interpreted through the themes of gatekeeping and conservatism. Mahuika, embodying the traditional role of the fire guardian decides who is worthy of fire, showcasing a conservative approach. Initially reluctant to assist Maui, she guards the fire from those she deems unworthy or untrustworthy. However, her conservative stance results in dire consequences when Maui's persistence challenges her beliefs. Ultimately, her stubbornness to tradition blinds her to Maui's trickery, leading to a tragic loss of her mana. This interpretation serves as a cautionary tale, illustrating the dangers of rigid gatekeeping and excessive conservatism. It underlines the significance of adaptability and openness to change in an ever-evolving world. Emphasising the need to balance tradition with innovation, it highlights the consequences of clinging too tightly to the past, which can impede growth and ultimately lead to one’s own downfall.

Another alternative would be the theme of men dishonouring or taking credit for women’s work. From the lens of a feminist, it could be seen how often Māui is celebrated as the hero of the story while ignoring the effort and duty Mahuika has gone through to be the kaitiaki of fire, while her legacy lives in the shadow of Māui. This reflects on how the legacy of women’s contributions lives in men’s shadow in the past.



Conclusion
Ultimately the pūrākau tells the importance of respecting and honoring ancestors (tupuna). The concept of reciprocity and duty within relationships. The significance of trust and betrayal in interpersonal interactions. The portrayal of fire as a symbol of life, creation, and responsibility in Māori culture. Thus the messages of the pūrākau are important today and should be told to future generations.
锟斤拷锟洁辑时锟斤拷: 2024-06-09 00:00:07

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